"Variant C represents the third major revision of the Conficker malware family, which first appeared on the Internet on 20 November 2008. C distinguishes itself as a significant revision to Conficker B. In fact, we estimate that C leaves as little as 15% of the original B code base untouched… Whereas the recently reported B++ variant represented a more surgical derivative of B, C incorporates a major restructuring of B’s previous thread architecture and program logic, including major functional additions such as a new peer-to-peer (P2P) coordination channel, and a revision of the domain generation algorithm (DGA). It is clear that the Conficker authors are well informed and are tracking efforts to eliminate the previous Conficker epidemics at the host and Internet governance level. In Conficker C, they have now responded with many of their own countermeasures to thwart these latest defenses.
For example, C’s latest revision of Conficker’s now well-known Internet rendezvous logic may represent a direct retort to the action of the Conficker Cabal, which recently blocked all domain registrations associated with the A and B strains. C now selects its rendezvous points from a pool of over 50,000 randomly generated domain name candidates each day. C further increases Conficker’s top-level domain (TLD) spread from five TLDs in Conficker A, to eight TLDs in B, to 110 TLDs that must now be involved in coordination efforts to track and block C’s potential DNS queries. With this latest escalation in domain space manipulation, C not only represents a significant challenge to those hoping to track its census, but highlights some weaknesses in the long-term viability of how Internet address and name space governance is conducted." – Content courtesy of An Analysis of Conficker C
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