How the Great Firewall of China keeps cyber dissidents in check
It's known as the "Great Firewall of China" to the rest of the world, but to the Chinese government it's the "Golden Shield". China's internet filtering system, the most sophisticated and extensive in the world according to a recent report by Harvard Law School, is in the front line of the Chinese authorities' attempts to maintain control of an increasingly fractious society by preventing the spread of political dissent. But blocking websites such as Amnesty International, or ones that relate to the banned Falun Gong movement, or Tibetan independence, is just one part of the government's efforts to control Chinese cyberspace.
A small army of technocrats, numbering up to 40,000, is employed to watch over China's 100 million-plus internet users, or "netizens", the second-largest internet population in the world after the US. They have been bolstered by a raft of new regulations introduced earlier this year that restrict what websites and bulletin boards can talk about or report. How the Great Firewall of China keeps cyber dissidents in check - www.phayul.com
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